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中國躋身全球最幸福國家前20名

來源:chinadaily 編輯:Kelly ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

To say the past year has been a difficult one for people across the globe is something of an understatement.

如果說過去一年對全球各地的人而言是艱難的一年,這只能算是輕描淡寫。

Not only has the Covid-19 pandemic resulted in the deaths of over 2.6 million people worldwide, it's also led to a massive shake up in everyday life for many of us.

新冠疫情不止導致世界范圍內逾260萬人死亡,還使許多人的日常生活發生了翻天覆地的變化。

But despite the devastating events of the last 12 months and the resulting decline in mental health in a number of destinations, there's been no change at the top spot when it comes to ranking the happiest country in the world.

但是,盡管過去一年的災難性事件導致多地民眾的心理健康狀況惡化,但是全球最幸福國家排行榜的首位依然沒有變化。

For the fourth year running, Finland has come out on top in the annual list powered by data from the Gallup World Poll, with Iceland, Denmark, Switzerland, and the Netherlands following in second, third, fourth and fifth position respectively.

基于蓋洛普全球民意調查的數據得出的這份年度榜單上,芬蘭連續第四年高居榜首,冰島、丹麥、瑞士和荷蘭分別是第二名、第三名、第四名和第五名。

While the United States moved up from 18th to 14th place and the United Kingdom dropped from 13th to 18th.

美國從18位上升到了14位,英國從13位降到了18位。

Although there have been some changes in the top 10, with Iceland rising two places from fourth to second on the list and Norway dropping from fifth to eighth place, the rankings were strikingly similar to the previous year for the most part, which is viewed as a positive sign.

盡管前十名有一些變動,冰島從第四位升到第二位,挪威從第五位降到第八位,但是大體還是和去年差不多,這被視為一個積極的信號。

Other notable movements on the list include Germany, which has jumped from 17th to seventh place. Croatia rose from number 79 to 23 on the list.

榜單上其他值得注意的變動還有德國的排名,從第17位升到了第7位??肆_地亞從第79位上升到了第23位。

Researchers say it's no surprise that Finland has retained the top position once again, as the Nordic country has always ranked highly when it comes to mutual trust.

研究人員表示,芬蘭再一次蟬聯榜首并不意外,因為這個北歐國家人與人之間的互相信任度一直很高。

Trust is recognized as one of the major factors that helped to protect people during the pandemic, as well as confidence in governments.

信任(包括對政府的信任)被視為疫情期間幫助保護人們的主要因素之一。

For instance, Brazil's death rate was significantly higher than Singapore's, a fact the report put partially down to the difference in public trust in the governments of each country.

舉例來說,巴西的死亡率比新加坡要高很多,該報告將這一事實部分歸結為兩國民眾對政府的信任度不同。

It also notes that the Americas and Europe had much higher Covid-19 fatalities than East Asia, Australasia, and Africa.

報告還指出,美洲和歐洲的新冠肺炎死亡率比東亞、澳大拉西亞和非洲高得多。

Perhaps unsurprisingly, the World Happiness Report 2021 also found that lockdowns and social distancing impacted workforce wellbeing tremendously.

2021年度世界幸福報告還發現,封鎖和社交隔離對勞動人口的幸福產生了極大的影響。這也許并不令人驚訝。

As a result, the report found that the decline in mental health was immediate in many countries, including the UK, where the number of mental health problems reported was 47% higher in May 2020 than predicted before Covid-19.

報告發現,在包括英國在內的許多國家,民眾的心理健康水平急轉直下。2020年5月英國報告的心理健康病例數量比疫情前預測數值增加了47%。

Of the 149 countries featured on the report, Afghanistan was ranked the most unhappy once again, followed by Zimbabwe, Rwanda and Botswana.

報告涵蓋的149個國家中,阿富汗再次被評為最不幸福的國家,僅次于阿富汗的是津巴布韋、盧旺達和博茨瓦納。

Those at the bottom of the list were mainly underdeveloped countries where issues such as political and armed conflicts are prevalent, or have been in recent times.

榜單上墊底的大多是目前或近期政治和武裝沖突等問題泛濫的不發達國家。

中國躋身全球最幸福國家前20名.jpg

World's happiest countries 2021

2021年度世界最幸福國家排行榜

1. Finland

芬蘭

2. Iceland

冰島

3. Denmark

丹麥

4. Switzerland

瑞士

5. Netherlands

荷蘭

6. Sweden

瑞典

7. Germany

德國

8. Norway

挪威

9. New Zealand

新西蘭

10. Austria

奧地利

11. Israel

以色列

12. Australia

澳大利亞

13. Ireland

愛爾蘭

14. United States

美國

15. Canada

加拿大

16. Czech Republic

捷克共和國

17. Belgium

比利時

18. United Kingdom

英國

19. China

中國

20. France

法國

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previous ['pri:vjəs]

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adj. 在 ... 之前,先,前,以前的

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poll [pəul]

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n. 投票,民意測驗,民意,票數
v. 做民意

 
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社會的,社交的
n. 社交聚會

 
pandemic [pæn'demik]

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adj. 全國流行的 n. (全國或全世界范圍流行的)疾

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unhappy [ʌn'hæpi]

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adj. 不快樂的,不高興的

 
immediate [i'mi:djət]

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adj. 立即的,即刻的,直接的,最接近的

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mental ['mentl]

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adj. 精神的,腦力的,精神錯亂的
n. 精

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massive ['mæsiv]

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adj. 巨大的,大規模的,大量的,大范圍的

 
notable ['nəutəbl]

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adj. 顯著的,著名的
n. 名人

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protect [prə'tekt]

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vt. 保護,投保

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